Capability Gap


Lack of a common risk analysis process


Need to develop common risk analysis tools and provide adequate training to the practitioners who will be applying them. Common tools and methods are required to produce risk analysis, and thus, management of contingencies, across all EU MS so at to guarantee a high level of security.  

The Common Integrated Risk Analysis Model has been established (article 19 of the Regulation 1896/2019) by Frontex. The application of C.I.R.A.M. is mandatory for all EU Member States and Frontex, as regards all aspects of the European integrated border management. Member States shall take results of the risk analysis into account when planning their operations and activities at the external borders and their activities with regard to return.

On the basis of the risk analysis, monitoring and assessment of the EU Member States will be carried out by Frontex on a regular basis. Joint operations and rapid border interventions shall be preceded by a thorough reliable and up-to-date risk analysis, thereby enabling the Agency to set an order of priority for the proposed joint operations and rapid border interventions, taking into account the impact levels attributed to the external border sections of the Member States.

In this regard, it is of a crucial importance, due also to the Schengen Evaluation mechanism, the application, by all the risk analysis Units of Law Enforcement Authorities, of the C.I.R.A.M.

October 2020 Workshop Findings

The Common Integrated Risk Analysis Model (CIRAM) is a model that LEAs in Member states have to apply. It is regulatory by Frontex and mandatory for all Member States integrating all the aspects from border management. The monitoring and assessment are carried out by Frontex on a regular basis. Joint operations and rapid border interventions are preceded by a reliable risk analysis. Member States take the results of the risk analyses and integrate them to their operations and activities at the external borders and activities, including activities at the external borders, including returns. Frontex also produces yearly a vulnerability assessment to assess the readiness of Member States to assess threat and new challenges. Using this vulnerability assessment, Frontex recommends specific actions to mitigate those vulnerabilities. However, the need of new enhanced guidelines, effective processes and risk assessment are emphasized, as based on the new Frontex regulation. The EU together with the Member States are working to develop more focused and tailor-made capability roadmaps and capability planning.

Operational Challenges

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General description of operational capability

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Current Capabilities

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Additional Considerations

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