Capability Gap

Lack of effective enhanced cooperation among EU MS, as well as between MS and third countries - need for an advanced return process


Bilateral cooperation between recipient countries and third countries (i.e. countries of origin/transit countries) is essential for the prevention and control of irregular migration flows. It has been crucial for the case of Spain and Morocco but should be further reinforced in order to improve operational capabilities. 

Operational Challenges

Restricted to MEDEA Members

General description of operational capability

Restricted to MEDEA Members

Additional Considerations

Restricted to MEDEA Members
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