Limitations in suppressing the non-legal transfer of funds (economic crime using the Hawala method and Cryptocurrencies) attributed to smuggling activities
Practitioners need additional capabilities to first detect the illicit ways OCG are using to transfer funds and finance their activities. Financial networks like the Hawala system, or modern cryptocurrencies is a very a challenging task for LEAs to dismantle them. Typically, LEAs usually focus on the intelligence capabilities during an operation and often neglect or not pay adequate attention to the financial crime associated with money laundering. Therefore, changes should be performed to fully exploit the available capabilities and agree what is needed in terms of additional capabilities to suppress illegal transfer of funds.