Lack in support of legacy / deployed solutions
The practitioners indicated that they are using already a large number of technology solutions for border surveillance tasks. These technology solutions vary from surveillance cameras (at the beginning the installed base of cameras were deployed for daily observation and at a later stage night vision cameras were added), together with radars, Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS), and other sensors. Recently practitioners along the borders are using Lighter Than Air (LTA) Aircrafts (also known as Tactical Aerostats) to mount sensors, Lightweight Surveillance and Target Acquisition Radars (LSTAR) to detect humans or drones, and more sophisticated cameras, and video analytics at the command-and-control centres. This list of sensors is not extensive, but its purpose is to showcase that there is a large investment made to increase practitioners’ detection capabilities. As such new state of the art (SOTA) border surveillance solutions should complement the existing installed base of sensors. Therefore, the new systems should be backwards compatible with the deployed legacy systems. This requirement is identified in MEDEA TCP2 as capability gap finding no. 2.CGF.13. More important, interconnection interfaces with command-and-control systems are required to ensure the new sensors can be easily integrated with the operational command and control centres.